Two Types of Oxygen Deprivation That Can Cause Birth Injuries
There are two types of oxygen deprivation that can cause problems for a fetus or infant during (or after) delivery: Hypoxia and anoxia. Both are potentially life-threatening medical conditions that need to be quickly identified and corrected because when oxygen levels become too low brain damage and death can occur.
- Hypoxia is low oxygen concentration in the blood. Even partial oxygen deprivation (or, when there is too little oxygen for the baby), can be sufficient to cause mild brain damage, mental impairment, and cerebral palsy.
- Anoxia is the total absence or depletion of oxygen concentration in the blood. When complete deprivation of oxygen occurs it often leads to severe brain damage to the baby, including cerebral palsy, mental impairment, or infant death.