Horner’s syndrome is a rare condition characterized by miosis (constriction of the pupil), ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid), and anhidrosis (absence of sweating of the face). It is caused by damage to the sympathetic nerves of the face, and can be the result of a birth injury
The prognosis in cases of Facial Nerve Paralysis (Palsy) varies according to the House-Brackmann Facial Nerve Grading Global Score. Young children may recover on their own, babies with nerve damage due to perinatal trauma may also recover on their own by the age of four months, but up to 5% of babies suffering a birth injury related palsy will not recover on their own.
Fetal lacerations are unintentional cuts or tears to an infant and can occur as the result of a botched caesarean section (c-section) delivery. During a c-section, the baby is delivered through a surgical incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. In certain circumstances, the surgeon may cause injury to the infant by negligently cutting through the infant’s skin.
Klumpke Paralysis (may also be referred to as Klumpke’s Palsy or Dejerine-Klumpke Palsy) is a type of birth injury caused by an injury to the nerves of the brachial plexus which may result from a: difficult or assisted vaginal delivery or fetal lacerations during a c-section birth.
Cephalhematoma is a type of hemorrhage where blood collects between the skull and the periosteum, a membrane between the skull and skin. Blood can cause pressure on the brain and although some may resolve on their own, this type of injury should be closely monitored as complications can arise.
Brain bleeds are especially dangerous because as leaking blood fills up space, the skull cannot expand and the brain is compressed. With enough bleeding, the brain gets compressed so much that oxygen-rich blood is prevented from flowing into the brain tissue. This lack of oxygen causes additional brain swelling.
The following information explains vacuum-assisted delivery, potential complications for the mother and birth injuries to her baby, and when vacuum extraction should never be performed.
A forceps delivery carries the same risks for both the mother and her baby as a non-assisted vaginal delivery, however, there are additional risks associated with forceps assisted vaginal deliveries, and there are more likely to be complications in a forceps delivery than in an unassisted vaginal delivery.
Based on the location of the nerve damage, brachial plexus injuries can affect part of or the entire arm. How the nerve is damaged will also have an effect on movement, treatment, and prognosis.
Brachial plexus injuries are categorized by the type of damage to the nerve. The following chart details the types of brachial plexus injuries that can occur, what each type means, and the prognosis for brachial plexus injuries. It is important to remember that each case is different and individual patients will respond to treatment differently.
Two main risk factors for Obstetric Brachial Plexus injuries (OBPI) are having a large baby (over 8.8 lbs) and shoulder dystocia, but there are many other risk factors. Your doctor should assess your health and your baby’s health and wellbeing throughout your pregnancy and during labor and delivery.
Erb’s palsy, also known as Erb-Duchenne palsy, can occur as a result of damage to the middle and upper roots of the shoulder nerves. This network of shoulder nerves is called the ‘brachial plexus’. These nerves can be damaged by falls, violent forces, and in accidents such as car accidents and sports injuries, but the most common cause of Erb’s palsy is obstetrical brachial plexus injury during labor and delivery.
Brachial plexus injuries can occur as a result of trauma sustained in an accident such as a car or motorcycle accident, fall, sports injury, or during the labor and delivery process. The type of injury to the brachial plexusm, and the degree of the injury will effect the out come of individual patients — some may recover on their own or with minimal treatment, while others may require surgery.
Claims involving birth injury do not have to be filed until the child’s eighth birthday in most cases, but there are exceptions. This allows claims for injuries that may not have been apparent until a child entered school. Unfortunately, some claims, such as claims against a government-run hospital, have much shorter deadlines so it is important to contact an experienced birth injury attorney if you suspect that your child has a birth injury.
Did your baby suffer a spinal cord injury as the result of a medical negligence?
If you, or your baby suffered a severe injury as the result of medical neglect or malpractice you may be entitled to compensation. If you have questions about what happened and why your baby was injured, don’t trust an insurance company or doctor to provide you with all the information you need, call our lawyers today and take your first step in protecting you and your baby’s rights.
We offer a free legal consultation so you can tell us about your unique situation. We will be able to tell you if you have a case, the value of your case, and discuss your various legal options. We encourage you to at least talk to us and learn what your rights are so that you will have knowledge to help you make the best decision for your family about how to protect those rights for your child.
The Los Angeles area law firm of Donahue & Horrow, L.L.P., handles birth injury cases throughout California. The initial consultation will be at no cost. All cases are billed on a contingency fee basis — there will be no cost to you unless or until we recover compensation in the form of an insurance settlement or trial award.
Contact us today and you will have taken your first step towards ensuring your child’s future needs will be met.
The University of Kansas Hospital’s Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) has done something wonderful for parents whose newborn is in NICU. Parents can watch their baby via a live feed accessible from a variety of mobile devices including cellphones and tablets, as well as from desktop PCs.
Cerebral palsy doesn’t always cause profound disabilities. While one child with severe cerebral palsy might be unable to walk and need extensive, lifelong care, another with mild cerebral palsy might not require special assistance. Supportive treatments, medications, and surgery can help many individuals improve their motor skills and ability to communicate with the world.
Although statistics surrounding premature births are alarming and significant, parents should also try to remain positive. Each child is unique and each child will follow a different path and have their own outcome. Take statistics to heart, but it is also important that you remind yourself that your baby is more than a statistic.
More than three-quarters of premature babies can be saved with feasible, cost-effective care, e.g. essential care during child birth and in the postnatal period for every mother and baby, antenatal steroid injections (given to pregnant women at risk of preterm labor and under set criteria to strengthen the babies’ lungs), kangaroo mother care (the baby is carried by the mother with skin-to-skin contact and frequent breastfeeding) and antibiotics to treat newborn infections.
Turning one year old is a major milestone all by itself — it’s your baby’s very first birthday! During the first year of life your baby has developed from helpless infant into a squirmy, communicative little child capable of expressing a wide range of needs, preferences, and emotions quite effectively. One-year-old babies also make many sounds parents recognize as early speech and some babies are already beginning to say their very first words.
As your child beings to crawl and pull up on furniture you need to be especially attentive. If you have not already done so, now is the time you want to make sure your house is really baby proofed and that you never leave a child unattended – even in a playpen.
By the age of six months, we begin to see babies preparing to get up and go on their own. Before too much longer they will be crawling, walking the furniture and eventually, walking on their own. But one of the most exciting milestones to look forward to at this age is the delightful babbling babies make as they begin to learn that certain sounds and behaviors get certain responses.
Babies cannot talk at the age of four months so how do you know if your baby is doing okay? Fortunately, even as young as four months old babies can be evaluated based on milestones that most babies this age meet. Milestones are important because when they are missed, they can serve as early warning signs of potential risk factors for developmental delays and health issues.
Newborn babies may seem small and fragile and out of touch with the rest of the world, but they are rapidly developing skills they will continue to build on month after month. Just as their little bodies are growing, so are their minds and ability to explore, communicate, and interaction with parents and others.
The current rise in multiple births may contribute to an increase in children born with cerebral palsy (CP), according to a report published in the December issue of Pediatrics .* In a study involving more than 155,000 children, researchers from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program (CBDMP) found that twin pregnancies produced a child with CP more than 10 times as often as pregnancies producing a single child.
Today, women are more vocal about how their pregnancies, and their own labor and delivery, and standards have care are now safer and more reasonable. Still, when a doctor fails to notice a condition or react properly during a medical emergency, the outcome can be just as bad for a mother and her baby as it was one hundred years ago.
Among the cerebral palsy and infant death cases, birth defects and poor fetal growth were the most common risk factors. Birth defects and/or poor fetal growth were seen in almost half of the cerebral palsy cases. In addition, out of the four risk factors, only birth defects and/or poor fetal growth predicted dyskinesia or quadriplegia.
Preterm infants born to mothers receiving intravenous magnesium sulfate — a common treatment to delay labor — are less likely to develop cerebral palsy than are preterm infants whose mothers do not receive it, report researchers in a large National Institutes of Health research network.The study results appear in the August 28, 2008 New England Journal of Medicine.*
A seizure in a newborn is frightening for parents, and made more so by the fact that commonly used anti-seizure medications do not work as effectively in newborns as they do in adults and children. A new study funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) helps explain why the newborn brain responds differently to these medications. It also suggests that effective treatment for newborn seizures could be a matter of repurposing an available drug and using it to supplement conventional anti-seizure therapies.
Any pregnant woman who experiences these symptoms should immediately contact her doctor or go the the emergency room. Pain and bleeding — even in the absence of premature contractions — are the two class signs of placental abruption and your doctor should always take your concerns seriously because seeking immediate treatment for placental abruption may affect the outcome of the pregnancy.
There are two types of oxygen deprivation that can cause problems for a fetus or infant during (or after) delivery: Hypoxia and anoxia. Both are potentially life-threatening medical conditions that need to be quickly identified and corrected because when oxygen levels become too low brain damage and death can occur.
This video tells the story of Madison, a baby who was injured at birth and suffered an Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Injury that could have been prevented. Madison’s parents were told by the obstetrician that her injuries would resolve on their own. They did not and this video takes you from her birth to toddlerhood when she undergoes painful corrective surgeries and subsequent physical therapy.
Here are some birth crisis groups for moms (and family) to find additional support. Although, parents of babies with birth injuries have an unfortunate connection through a traumatic experience, it still helps most people to know that they are not alone in their struggles.
Here are a few commonly used hash tags and their acronyms that you can use to find support groups and information on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and other social networks. Also listed are support-based birth injury groups on Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, YouTube, etc., as well as personal blogs.
Brachial plexus injuries often occur during the birthing process. Availability of brachial plexus statistics vary widely, but where figures are available the general consensus is that brachial plexus injuries occur in 2-5 out of 1000 births. More children suffer from brachial plexus injuries sustained at birth than Down Syndrome or Muscular Dystrophy – yet information on this disability is not so readily obtained. — Brandie Sierra Character-Martinez, mother of a child who suffers from BPI caused by medical malpractice
Parents also need support because caring for a child with cerebral palsy can be physically and emotionally challenging. There are many good support networks, organizations, and support groups to help you, below are just a few to help get you started in your search for the right supportive services for you and for your child.
The full story of the man pictured in a photo that went “viral” this week is even more touching than you might imagine. The snapshot posted to Facebook by a customer showed McDonald’s employee Kenny helping Dan Garringer cut and eat his food. Many news outlets reported that Dan ordered his food then requested some help from Kenny, who promptly closed his till at the busy Union Station restaurant and helped Dan eat his meal. More than 1 million people have liked and shared the photo on social media, with many commenting about Kenny’s compassion and kindness. Kenny was given special recognition by the owner/operator of his McDonald’s franchise.
Some brachial plexus injuries may heal without treatment. Many children who are injured during birth improve or recover by 3 to 4 months of age. Treatment for brachial plexus injuries includes physical therapy and, in some cases, surgery.
Below are links to support networks and organizations to help you find the right treatment approach and clinicians for you and your child, as well as links to support groups online including Facebook, Pinterest, and Twitter to help you connect with others.
The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that conducts signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand. Brachial plexus injuries are caused by damage to those nerves. Symptoms may include a limp or paralyzed arm; lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist; and a lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand. Brachial plexus injuries can occur as a result of shoulder trauma, tumors, or inflammation. There is a rare syndrome called Parsonage-Turner Syndrome, or brachial plexitis, which causes inflammation of the brachial plexus without any obvious shoulder injury. This syndrome can begin with severe shoulder or arm pain followed by weakness and numbness. In infants, brachial plexus injuries may happen during birth if the baby’s shoulder is stretched during passage in the birth canal.
Cerebral hypoxia refers to a condition in which there is a decrease of oxygen supply to the brain even though there is adequate blood flow. Drowning, strangling, choking, suffocation, cardiac arrest, head trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning, and complications of general anesthesia can create conditions that can lead to cerebral hypoxia. Symptoms of mild cerebral hypoxia include inattentiveness, poor judgment, memory loss, and a decrease in motor coordination. Brain cells are extremely sensitive to oxygen deprivation and can begin to die within five minutes after oxygen supply has been cut off. When hypoxia lasts for longer periods of time, it can cause coma, seizures, and even brain death. In brain death, there is no measurable activity in the brain, although cardiovascular function is preserved. Life support is required for respiration.
Approximately 1 in every 160 births in the United states is a stillbirth, but that terms is somewhat dismissive of the losses many woman face that are not counted.
Having a child diagnosed with a brachial plexus injury can be a frightening thing for a parent to deal with because it may mean physical challenges, painful surgeries, and years of physical therapy lie ahead. Although living with an obstetric brachial plexus birth injury is not an easy thing to do, you also do not have to go through this on your own.
Our lawyers are here to help you pursue compensation for your child’s birth injury so that the costs of your child’s care now and in the future will be covered. We have also prepared a list of places where you can find information, counseling, general support, and even social network groups online so you can connect with others living with an obstetric brachial plexus injury.
Oxygen deprivation, or asphyxia, can cause devastating injury to a fetus or newborn during pregnancy, labor, the birth process, and even in newborns after their birth. When the supply of oxygen to a baby is impaired serious brain injury resulting in lifelong seizure disorders, mental impairment, and cerebral palsy can result.
Pregnancy can be a time of great joy and eager anticipation for parents-to-be. As an expectant mom you tried hard to do the best for your unborn child by getting regular prenatal care, eating a healthy diet, and avoiding things that could harm your growing fetus. And because you did everything you knew to do, you feel good that each checkup and sonogram confirms that your baby is healthy and doing well.
Having a child diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP) is a difficult challenge for any parent to have to face. Although living with CP is not an easy thing to do, you also do not have to go through this on your own. Our lawyers are here to help you pursue compensation for your child’s birth injury so that the costs of your child’s care now and in the future will be covered. We have also prepared a list of places where you can find counseling, general support, and even social network groups online.
Hospitals are responsible for providing appropriate care to all their patients — including pregnant women who are received in an emergency room. Emergency room staff and medical personnel must make quick, accurate assessments involving the extent of injury to both mother and baby. Even after an assessment is made, treatment must carefully consider as any surgery, drugs, or medical procedures can affect the health and life of both mother and baby.
Are birth injuries from shoulder dystocia always a result of medical malpractice? No, however the failure to offer or provide a c-section to the mother after knowing an infant was abnormally large may qualify as negligence and malpractice if the infant experiences shoulder dystocia and is injured. Even if known risks were not present, shoulder dystocia can result in serious injury or death for both the mother and her baby and how an obstetrician and the hospital team responds to this medical emergency is critical. How an obstetrician does or does not respond to this emergency may be a case of medical neglect or malpractice.
Studies show that in that majority of stillbirths the cause of death can be determined, but most parents, reeling from their unexpected loss do not pursue an autopsy, or accept the reassurances of a hospital and doctor that their loss was “just one of those things.” Medical malpractice cases are complicated, especially those involving the death of a fetus so it is important that you speak to an attorney who has experience in dealing with birth injuries.
One of the greatest challenges for ER doctors is in treating pregnant women because the lives of two patients are at stake: that of the mother and her unborn child.
Approximately 1 on every 160 births in the United states is a stillbirth. A stillbirth is defined as the loss of a baby’s life after 20 weeks of pregnancy, and most stillbirths occurring prior to delivery. Prior to 20 weeks, your loss may be referred to (medically) as a miscarriage, which, to many women seems dismissive of their loss.
he Case for Inclusion examines data and outcomes for all 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC), ranking each on a set of key indicators, including how people with disabilities live and participate in their communities, if they are satisfied with their lives, and how easily the services and supports they need are accessed. By taking these factors into account, UCP is able to publish this comprehensive analysis of each state’s progress or failures in providing critical services to individuals living with disabilities.
“The Court’s opinion is a big win for people with disabilities and their families and caregivers,” said Stephen Bennett, President and CEO of United Cerebral Palsy. “For those who need to purchase health care coverage through the federal exchange – including many caregivers who have given up employer sponsored benefits in order to care for their loved ones with disabilities, affordable health care is a must. No family should go broke because they or their loved one has a medical need.”
March is National Cerebral Palsy Awareness Month. Throughout the month, United Cerebral Palsy will be encouraging people with cerebral palsy to share the many things they enjoy and can do using the hashtag #CerebralPalsyCan on social media. On March 25, National CP Awareness Day, UCP and our partners in this campaign (listed below) will will feature submitted videos on our social media channels and websites.
My Life Without Limits is designed to allow people with disabilities to join and receive the latest news and other benefits of community membership such as writing guest blogs, commenting on posts and resource pages and participating in polls and surveys. In the forum – coming soon – members can stir up conversations and ask for advice.